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Types of Technologies Utilized in Water Purification.
Water purification technology has advanced tremendously in the past few years, particularly in the area of home filtration systems. As a result, various methods of water purification has emerged as briefly described by this article.
Distillation is very old water purification technology, but it is still commonly used. It was first developed, not as one of the methods of water purification, but to create alcohol. In archaeological excavations from South Asia countries, alcohol distillers have been found. A simple explanation of the process follows.
The liquid is vaporized by bringing it to boil. This vapor enters a tube whereby it cools down to become liquid again. Anything else in the pot that has a higher boiling point than water remains in the first port.
The method causes acid PH and leaves all the other minerals down. According to researchers Acid PH levels as well as demineralization is not good for people’s health.Demineralization of water as well as acidic PH water is not good for one’s health.
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as a result, the other technological advancements in water purification have aimed at maintaining natural minerals in them as well as the recommended PH level.
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The second method of water purification is Reverse osmosis which has been in existence for over 50 years now. This method is however specifically designed for use in large scale treatment facilities. In the 1970s, it became popularized as one of the healthiest methods of water purification for the home.
Moreover the method was popularized because it involved salt removal. In coastal areas and island communities, this is an important and desirable feature. Basically, it works by pressurizing and forcing liquids through a porous membrane. The size of the holes determine what pass? through the membrane.
The other method of purifying water is known as the RO. The system however, has several other disadvantages.
It creates wastewater that cannot be used for drinking or other purposes. The other disadvantage is that this method requires a lot of electrical energy.
Over the past, there has been other technological advancements that were developed to eliminate all the other threats. Before adopting a method, one should study all those presented above.
Lets take an example of carbon filtration that is used nowadays to purify water. It operates in such a way that chemicals and other contaminants stick on the filter and as a result the water that emerges from the process is safe to drink. In order to improve taste, the method also removes odor. all the new water purifiers found in the home utilize this technology.
This article therefore provides a brief overview of various technologies used in water purification. It would be impossible in an article of this length to cover the subject in its entirety, but hopefully, you are now a little more informed.